TitleExamining alternative measures of social disadvantage among Asian Americans: the relevance of economic opportunity, subjective social status, and financial strain for health.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
Authorsde Castro AB, Gee GC, Takeuchi DT
JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
Volume12
Issue5
Pagination659-71
Date Published2010 Oct
ISSN1557-1920
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Aged, Asian Americans, Body Mass Index, Data Collection, Educational Status, Employment, Female, Health Status, Humans, Income, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Smoking, Social Class, United States, Young Adult
Abstract

Socioeconomic position is often operationalized as education, occupation, and income. However, these measures may not fully capture the process of socioeconomic disadvantage that may be related to morbidity. Economic opportunity, subjective social status, and financial strain may also place individuals at risk for poor health outcomes. Data come from the Asian subsample of the 2003 National Latino and Asian American Study (n = 2095). Regression models were used to examine the associations between economic opportunity, subjective social status, and financial strain and the outcomes of self-rated health, body mass index, and smoking status. Education, occupation, and income were also investigated as correlates of these outcomes. Low correlations were observed between all measures of socioeconomic status. Economic opportunity was robustly negatively associated with poor self-rated health, higher body mass index, and smoking, followed by financial strain, then subjective social status. Findings show that markers of socioeconomic position beyond education, occupation, and income are related to morbidity among Asian Americans. This suggests that potential contributions of social disadvantage to poor health may be understated if only conventional measures are considered among immigrant and minority populations.

DOI10.1007/s10903-009-9258-3
Alternate JournalJ Immigr Minor Health
PubMed ID19434494
PubMed Central IDPMC2891922
Grant List1KL2RR025015-01 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
KL2 RR025015 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
KL2 RR025015-01 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD042828 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R24 HD042828-10 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
U01 MH062207 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
U01 MH062207-01A1 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
U01MH 62207 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States